Kolchin Seminar in Differential Algebra 

The Graduate Center 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 100164309 General Telephone: 12128177000 
Academic
year 2007–2008
Last updated on January 31, 2020. 2005–2006 2006–2007 2008–2009 2009–2010 2010–2011 2011–2012 2012–2013 2013–2014 2014–2015 2015–2016 2016–2017 2017–2018 2018–2019 2019–Fall 
In Fall 2007, we concentrated on differential Galois (PicardVessiot) theory. For a general reference click here.
Friday, August 31, 2007
Richard Churchill, The Graduate Center and Hunter College
A brief introduction to algebraic geometry, part 1For lecture notes for all 3 lectures, click here.
For notes on constrained points, click here.
Friday, September 7, 2007
Richard Churchill, The Graduate Center and Hunter College
A brief introduction to algebraic geometry, part 2
Tuesday, September 18, 2007
Richard Churchill, The Graduate Center and Hunter College
A brief introduction to algebraic geometry, part 3
Friday, September 28, 2007
Anand Pillay, University of Leeds
Transcendence questions for logarithmic differential equations on nonconstant semiabelian varieties
(Joint with D. Bertrand)
Friday, October 5, 2007
Phyllis Joan Cassidy, Smith College and City College
Introduction to differential algebraic geometry and differential algebraic groupsDifferential algebraic geometry is a new geometry, invented and developed by Ritt and Kolchin, that seeks to understand and clarify the approach to algebraic differential equations taken by Picard, Vessiot, Painlevé, and others at the turn of the 20th century. We will first spend some time in the Weilbased context of Kolchin, and then move to the contemporary Grothendieckbased context of Kovacic, Keigher, and others.
Friday, October 12, 2007
David Marker, University of Illinois at Chicago
Manin KernelsManin proved that there are interesting differentialalgebraic homomorphisms from Abelian varieties to vector groups. The kernels of these maps geive rise to finite dimensional differentialalgebraic subgroups that arise in number theoretic applications of Buium and Hrushovski. I will survey the construction of these Manin kernels and describe some of their model theoretic properties.
Friday, October 19, 2007
Phyllis Joan Cassidy, Smith College and City College
Introduction to differential algebraic geometry and differential algebraic groups, part 2
Friday, October 26, 2007
Phyllis Joan Cassidy, Smith College and City College
Introduction to differential algebraic geometry and differential algebraic groups, part 3
Friday, November 2, 2007
Phyllis Joan Cassidy, Smith College and City College
Introduction to differential algebraic geometry and differential algebraic groups, part 4
Friday, November 9, 2007
Phyllis Joan Cassidy, Smith College and City College
Introduction to differential algebraic geometry and differential algebraic groups, part 5
Friday, November 16, 2007
Phyllis Joan Cassidy, Smith College and City College
Differentially closed fieldsWe will survey the concept of differentially closed fields of characteristic 0, within the framework of Kolchin's differential algebraic geometry. We will also discuss variations in the rank of Kolchin and Manin kernels on elliptic curves whose points lie in a differentially closed field. Kolchin introduced the kernel of the logarithmic derivative homomorphism on an elliptic curve defined over constants. Manin introduced the kernel of a homomorphism constructed from the PicardFuchs differential equation on an elliptic curve defined over the function field (t) that does not descend to constants. In the discussion of the Manin kernel, we will refer to results of Manin, Buium, Hrushovski, and Pillay.
For lecture notes, click here.
For an addendum on the logarithmic derivative, click here.
Friday, November 30, 2007
Jerald Kovacic, City College
Differential schemesWe start with the definition of differential scheme using the treatment of Hartshorne. Immediately we find that there are problems: the global section functor of an affine differential scheme does not recover the original ring. We give some examples to show what goes wrong. We shall also discuss what is known and not known.
Friday, December 7, 2007
Jerald Kovacic, City College
Differential schemes, part 2
Friday, January 25, 2008
Jerald Kovacic, City College
Strongly normal extensionsThis lecture will be presented to a conference on February 5.
The differential Galois theory of strongly normal extensions is ripe for study. It has been neglected, possibly because Kolchin used his own axiomatic definition of algebraic group. Instead, we use differential schemes, another area ripe for study.
We start with a sketch of PicardVessiot theory emphasizing its connection with tensor products. After defining strongly normal extensions, we show that an approach similar to that used for PicardVessiot theory also works for strongly normal extensions. However we must replace differential rings with differential schemes. This is not surprising as the Galois group is a group scheme that is not necessarily affine.
Strongly normal extensions are abundant; every connected group scheme is the Galois group of some strongly normal extension. And there is a "factory" to produce them  the logarithmic derivative. Yet explicit examples are difficult to find. There has been work on characterizing the type of equation needed, but much more is needed.
Friday, February 1, 2008
Richard Churchill, The Graduate Center and Hunter College
Differential ArithmeticIn this talk we indicate how elementary numbertheoretic results depending on unique factorization can occasionally be established by "differentiating" integers. This presentation is intended to serve as an introduction to differential algebra, and is kept at an elemenary level: no background in that subject is assumed.
Friday, February 8, 2008
A. V. Mikhalev, Moscow State University
Derivations of conformal algebras
A. A. Mikhalev, Moscow State University
Derivations and primitive elements of free nonassociative algebras
Alexander Levin, The Catholic University of America
Compatibility of differential and difference field extensionsIn this talk we consider the problem of compatibility in differential and difference algebra, that is, the problem of Kembedding of two differential (difference) field extensions L/K and M/K into some differential (respectively, difference) overfield of K. We are going to start with discussion of the compatibility of classical and differential field extensions. Then we will consider the situation in difference algebra where even two extensions of an ordinary difference field of zero characteristic can be incompatible. After introducing the concepts of the limit degree and core of a difference field extension and describing their properties, we will prove a criterion of compatibility for extensions of difference fields.
Friday, February 15, 2008
Li Guo, Rutgers University at Newark
Introduction to RotaBaxter algebrasThis is the first of a miniseries of four talks related to RotaBaxter algebras. A RotaBaxter operator is an abstraction and generalization of the integral operator in calculus by focusing on the integration by parts formula. A RotaBaxter algebra is an algebra acted on by a RotaBaxter operator. The study of RotaBaxter algebras started with the work of Glenn Baxter in probability in 1960. Applications of RotaBaxter algebras have been found in many areas recently in mathematics and physics. A differential RotaBaxter algebra is a RotaBaxter algebra with an added differentiation operator. In these introductory lectures, we give a brief history of RotaBaxter algebras, a list of examples and basic properties. We will also discuss constructions of free objects in these categories.
Experts in these areas are encouraged to contact the organizers to arrange indepth presentations on related topics.
Friday, February 22, 2008
Li Guo and William Keigher*, Rutgers University at Newark
Introduction to Differential RotaBaxter algebras
*speaker
Friday, February 29, 2008
Li Guo and William Keigher*, Rutgers University at Newark
Introduction to Differential RotaBaxter algebras (cont'd)Li Guo, Rutgers University at Newark and William Sit*, City College of CUNY
Enumeration of RotaBaxter and Differential RotaBaxter Words
*speaker
Friday, March 7, 2008, 10:30 AM
Li Guo, Rutgers University at Newark and William Sit*, City College of CUNY
Enumeration of RotaBaxter and Differential RotaBaxter Words (cont'd)
*speaker
Friday, March 14, 2008, 10:30 AM
Camilo Sanabria, Graduate Center, CUNY
Reversibles of ordinary linear differential equationAn ordinary linear differential equation defines a meromorphic connection over the Riemann spheres (and vice versa). Given a ramified covering of the sphere we can pullback the connection to the covering surface. In this setting, the covering transforms can be lifted to the new connection as parallel automorphisms of the pullback bundle. Such covering transforms are called reversibles. I will explain how, using the Galois group and the Fano group of a given connection, one can read if the connection is a pullback of another.
Friday, March 28, 2008
Bernard Malgrange, Institut Fourier, Université de Grenoble
Friday, April 4, 2008
Raymond Hoobler, CCNY and The Graduate Center
PicardVessiot Extensions via Tannakian CategoriesI will try to explain Deligne's approach to PicardVessiot extensions throught the Tannakian category formalism. This will provide an alternative view of affine differential Galois groups by studying their representations. An example due to Katz will be given as an illustration.
Friday, April 11, 2008
Bernard Malgrange, Institut Fourier, Université de Grenoble
Friday, April 18, 2008
Michael Zieve, Rutgers University
Bijections on rational points, with connections to difference fields.Let V and W be varieties over a finite field k. I will discuss morphisms f:V → W over k for which the induced map on krational points f_{k}:V(k) → W(k) is bijective. When k is large relative to f (and V), the Chebotarev density theorem (and some Galois theory) implies that any such f satisfies strong structural constraints — essentially it behaves like a morphism of algebraic groups. When k is small, f_{k} can be bijective "at random". Intriguingly, in the intermediate range between the "random" and the Chebotarev situations, all known examples of bijective f_{k}'s have a form resembling that of the f's from the Chebotarev range, except that the expressions involve not just the coordinates of V but also their images under Frobenius. This suggests that these should be interpreted as morphisms of varieties over difference fields. I will describe some geometric properties of morphisms of algebraic groups that hold for all bijective f_{k} in the Chebotarev range; conjecturally, every "nonrandom" bijective f_{k} can be rewritten in terms of difference fields in such a way that these geometric properties are satisfied.
Friday, May 2, 2008
Michael Zieve, Rutgers University
Bijections on rational points, with connections to difference fields. Part II.
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